The best way to Polish Stained Concrete

A concrete floor can be stained to a number of shades and colours, and when that floor is correctly polished, the floor will be durable and almost maintenance-free. A special concrete polishing machine is required for the job, along with sanding discs varying from coarse to very fine. In many cases, it is possible to find a concrete polisher for lease at a local tool rental store, though you will probably have to get the polishing discs to match onto the polisher.

Sweep the floor thoroughly with a stiff-bristled push. If the ground has been exposed to water at all, permit the ground to dry for a few days before starting the polishing.

Attach a tough polishing disk (30- to 40-grit metal-bonded diamond) into the mat on the bottom of the polisher. Put on a dust mask and a pair of safety glasses, turn on the polisher and perform the dry polishing pad above the ground. Move the polisher in small circles along a linear path from one side of the room into another, then transfer past a row and work your way back, taking care to create a pass over the entire ground without working over any places over once to maintain the ground even.

Sweep the ground thoroughly, then switch into a medium-coarse (80-grit metal-bonded diamond) polishing pad and repeat. Follow up with a dry sanding with a medium pad (150-grit metal-bonded diamond).

Apply an even coat of penetrating concrete sealer to the full ground and allow the sealer to soak in the coarsely ground concrete floor for the amount of time recommended by the manufacturer.

Mop the floor with clean water to remove any deposits created by the polishing. Then, switch to a medium resin-bond diamond polishing disk (100-200 grit) and run evenly the polisher above the wet ground. Change to a nice resin-bond diamond polishing disk (400 grit), tighten the water from the mop bucket, clean the floor thoroughly with the mop, leaving ample clean water onto the ground, then make another pass with the polisher.

Keep on polishing and cleaning using progressively finer resin-bond diamond polishing pads above the wet ground till you finish with the finest pad you’ve got available (1,500-grit metal-bonded diamond or greater).

Give the ground a final mopping and touch up any areas that need extra buffing with the fine-grit pad.

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When Do Willows Bloom?

Willow trees’ booming stage begins in February in warm areas, and it continues until June in colder climates. The trees’ long, tube-shaped blossom clusters called catkins produce their appearance just before leaves reappear on the branches. The flower clusters are full of nectar, which insects continue for pollination. Within 45 to 60 days after pollination, willow seeds are ripe and ready to begin another reproduction cycle.


Willow trees are characterized by long, narrow, pointed, slightly serrated leaves that are yellow green on the top and also have a white or light-green underside. Leaf color changes within the yellow-green range according to species. Most varieties are deciduous. All willows are dioecious, producing female or male catkins on separate trees. Willow seeds are from fruits located just on the female trees. The trees begin to reproduce by airborne seeds after 10 years. They grow quickly and live 55 to 70 years.


Willow trees with springtime bloom patterns include pussy willow, weeping willow and black willow. Salix caprea, also known as pussy willow, great sallow and goat willow, produces bright-white, slightly fuzzy blossoms on the male trees. The catkin flowers are 1 to 2 inches long, and each blossom is composed of numerous hairlike protrusions. The blossoms mature to yellow until they are disbursed by rain or wind. Both weeping willows and black willows have yellow, tubular-shaped blossoms. Black willow flowers open and float away, looking like white mist, even when they are pollinated.


The optimum age for a willow tree to reproduce is 25 to 75 years old. Willows produce large volumes of seeds each spring after the blooming phase. Seed capsules are light brown. At maturity, the capsules split open and release tiny, green seeds. Each fertilized seed has long, silky hairs that act as wings, allowing the seed to travel a long distance before falling to the ground. Willow seeds are distributed widely by water and wind. Each seed has a 12- to 24-hour time period in which to land and germinate. The seeds germinate best in quite moist soil conditions. Willow tree roots are propagated easily through cuttings. Roots form shallow networks near the ground.


The genus Willow (Silax) contains 90 varieties widely distributed across the eastern portion of america. Black willows, Scouler or mountain willows and Hooker willows are varieties often found in american U.S. zones. Willow trees adapt to many soil conditions but prefer a moist environment. They’re cultivated for erosion control since their extensive interlocking root systems form a barrier against water. Some non-native willow species are identified from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service as invasive plants due to their vigorously spreading root systems that overwhelm native vegetation. In traditional cultures, willow trees are valued as an early source of pollen for bees, as an excellent weaving material and for use in seasonal ceremonial practices.

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How to Clean a Shower Curtain Using a High-Efficiency Machine

Whether you’ve got a cloth shower curtain with a plastic lining or just one faux curtain, most shower curtains are washable, including in high-efficiency machines. The procedure removes dirt and soap scum accumulation. For synthetic drapes, handy, premeasured detergent and bleach cups create cleaning in front-loading, high-efficiency washers easy. If you’ve got a fabric curtain, read the manufacturer’s washing instructions, so you choose the right detergent and temperature options.

Synthetic and Vinyl Shower Curtains

Synthetic shower curtains have a fresh, crisp look in a toilet, and cleaning is straightforward. After detaching the curtain in the pole, put it in the drier, untwisting it to make certain that water reaches into the crevices. Place the detergent and bleach or premade cup to the high-efficiency drier, picking out the white or hot cycle to make sure that dirt particles and mildew are fully dislodged in the curtain.

Fabric Shower Curtains

Fabric shower curtains require more consideration; read the product care tag in detail. Harsh cleansers, such as chlorine bleach, cause color fading, and bleach erodes water-resistant substances on some drapes. Soap-scum buildup is often the offender. Overuse of high-efficiency detergent ends in detergent deposits, particularly with one-item washes, however substandard detergent does not eliminate mildew. Fabric drapes shrink when drier settings are too hot. If the care directions forbid bleach, then add vinegar as opposed to combat the mildew and other dirt.

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Best Ways to Clean Vinyl Seats

Whether you’ve got outdoor seats made from rigid vinyl or indoor ones covered using flexible, leather-like vinyl, the procedure for cleaning them is similar. Vinyl — more correctly called polyvinyl chloride, or PVC — is nonporous and vulnerable to powerful solvents, so only gentle cleaning supplies and methods are advisable.

Cleaning Soft Vinyl

You can frequently clean soft vinyl couches, chairs as well as automobile or boat chairs with nothing more than a damp rag. Should you want more cleaning power, you shouldn’t use anything stronger than dish soap or even all-purpose cleaner. Mix a ounce or so per gallon of warm water, and rinse with a rag or sponge. If you need to remove mildew, do it using a 4-to-1 combination of water and chlorine, but test this in an inconspicuous spot first to make certain it doesn’t cause any discoloration. Never use abrasives, powerful bleach or wax.

Cleaning Hard Vinyl

The process for cleaning hard vinyl is similar to that for cleaning delicate vinyl — with the exception that you can safely use baking soda as an abrasive to remove scuff marks. Wet the vinyl; sprinkle on some baking soda and rub it with a cloth, and rinse with clear water. You can also remove scuff marks, as well as dye stains, by massaging with denatured alcohol. After washing your hard vinyl chairs, protect them and maintain them shiny by coating them with car glue.

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How to Clean Tough Water Stained and Soap Scummy Shower Doors

Those filmy shower doors are not doing anything to the bathroom decor, and you may have noticed that a once-over with soap and water does not get rid of the soapy film or hard water stains. It is possible to prevent the soap scum by showering with liquid soap rather than bar soap, and if you squeegee the glass, then you are never going to have hard water deposits. Those are good strategies for the future, but now that the damage is finished, you may need to try some cleaning hints.

Start With the Soap Scum

You might already have some bathtub gloves, but should youn’t, you can buy a set for a few dollars. They’re made of nylon or fiber mesh and made to be somewhat abrasive, which is a handy feature for cleaning glass and metal — just jump in the shower, lather up the gloves with liquid soap and wash off. The gloves get into tight corners, but you may need the support of a toothbrush. When you turn on the shower and rinse the glass, then the soap scum ought to be gone, but the task isn’t finished.

Acid to the Rescue

The glass may appear crystal clear after rinsing and washing it, however, hard water marks often reassert themselves when the water disappears and the glass dries. The marks are brought on by the vitamins that make the water “hard .” Soap will not emulsify these deposits and loosen their bond, so it is useless to attempt to scrub them. Instead, you need to dissolve them with an acid. That may sound extreme, but you also need only a mild one, and you also have two good candidates in the kitchen — lemon juice and vinegar. In a pinch, you may even utilize a delicious soft drink — the tanginess means the soft drink includes an acid — typically phosphoric or citric acid.

Misting to Remove Minerals

Whether you choose vinegar or lemon juice, it is best to use it full strength: simply pour it straight from the bottle to a spray bottle. If you’ve just rinsed the glass, then wait for it to dry; then generously mist it with the sprayer. The acetic acid in vinegar or citric acid in lemon juice both need time to get the job done. Ideally the glass ought to stay wet for 10 to 30 minutes; you may need to mist one or two additional times to avoid the glass from drying out. After scrubbing with the rubbed and rubbed with the shower head, the hard water deposits should be gone.

A Glue for Stubborn Stains

The most troublesome parts of a shower door to wash are the metallic frame, the hinges as well as the handle, and misting may not get the work done unless you repeat it many times. There is a better means to do it: Make a paste using borax or salt and distribute it on the stain with a toothbrush. It may take one hour or more for the paste to work, but when you return and scrub the stain with the toothbrush, then it should come right off. If not, just repeat the therapy until it does.

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Home Remedies & Recipes for Vegetable Bugs

Home vegetable gardeners have home made solutions to commercial insecticides. Most recipes for making your own insecticides use common household ingredients like soaps, cooking oils and spices sold in grocery stores. When these ingredients are safe for humans, they are lethal to insects. Homemade pest killers are best if used when pest infestations are only getting started. They also function better if combined with other management techniques like hand selecting and crop rotation.

Typical Recipes

A typical multi-species insecticide recipe calls for 2 gallons of warm water to which you stir 2 tbsp each of vinegar, canola oil and liquid soap, and 3 level tablespoons of baking soda. Another recipe calls for mixing 2 tablespoons of powdered hot red peppers and 6 drops of liquid soap in 1 gallon of water. Mix well and let it sit overnight. Stir again and let it settle.

Other Recipes

Garlic is effective against a huge variety of garden insect pests. Make a garlic-based bug spray by crushing and peeling the cloves in 1 garlic bulb. Mix the crushed cloves with 1 tablespoon of liquid soap, 2 tbsp vegetable oil and 2 cups of water. Allow to steep overnight, then strain out any solids. A recipe to control sucking insects like aphids, scale insects and thrips consists of 2 tbsp cooking oil and 2 tbsp liquid baby soap dissolved in 1 gallon of water.

Using Your Sprays

Pour your preferred insecticidal mixture into a spray bottle and then thoroughly moist either side of leaves, contacting as many insects as you can. Attempt to spray only the leaves, but do not worry if some gets on the vegetables; only make sure you clean the vegetables before eating them. Duplicate the spray per week as required. Water your plants well the day before using one of these sprays. Always test your home made pest killer by spraying it on a few leaves; check after 48 hours to ensure it didn’t burn the plant. Do not use any soaps which contain bleach; that can hurt plants. Apply mixtures from the early morning or early evening once the sun is less intense.

Cultural Controls

Homemade insecticide will function more efficiently in the event that you combine it with cultural controls which disrupt insects’ life cycles. The earliest cultural control is crop rotation. Increasing the identical vegetable in precisely the exact same spot year after year makes it effortless for overwintering insects to find the next year. For smaller gardens, hand-picking supplies an effective management of many kinds of insect pests. Practice decent garden sanitation to help keep pest populations down. That means removing weeds, trash along with also the “volunteer” vegetables in last year’s garden which could harbor insect pests. Remove and compost crop residue when you’ve harvested the good parts.

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Growth Stages of Ragweed

Native to the midwestern and eastern U.S., several species of annual ragweed (Ambrosia spp.) Have found their way west of the Rockies, including varieties that have developed resistance to common herbicides. Common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia) and associated species, banes of allergy sufferers, have different developmental stages. Many ragweed species germinate over prolonged, extended intervals, which makes them difficult control because neighboring plants can be at different phases of growth. The two primary phases of ragweed development, vegetative and reproductive, can be split further.


Ragweed seeds germinate anywhere as soon as the soil warms and moisture is present. In warm climates, that can be as early as February or March. The seedlings first appear as a set of oval, spoon-shaped cotelydons around 1/2 inch long. Clusters of seedlings often cover the soil surface in which seeds fell. Based on the species, one ragweed plant can produce 3,000 to 5,000 or more seeds. Ragweed seeds that were covered with disturbed dirt can continue to germinate throughout the growing season if moisture temperatures and conditions are appropriate. Annual ragweed plants have a long taproot and many fibrous roots, which makes them efficient at taking in water , even in sandy dirt.

First True Leaves

The ragweed’s first true leaves grow about five to seven days after germination when the seedlings are about 2-3 inches tall. These leaves are oval-shaped, simple leaves around 1 inch wide, arranged opposite each other on the stem. A second set of oval leaves rises above the first, also opposite each other on the stem but tilted in the initial pair.

Lobed Leaves

Following the second set of oval accurate leaves, the very first set of lobed leaves seems. Ragweed leaves are almost always simple, and typically in pairs arranged on opposite sides of the stem. Average lobed leaves have stiff, short hairs covering their surface. Ragweed plants tend to develop over neighboring plants, competing for light. Giant ragweed plants (Ambrosia trifida) growing as annuals in the exact same seed head may reach only 3 or 4 feet tall when competing with low-growing plants, but they can bend over taller plants at 7 to 8 ft in their hunt for sunlight.

Ragweed Reproduction

Ragweed plants are monoecious, meaning one plant has both male and female flowers. They could be in bloom for several months, from ancient adulthood until the end of the growing season. The male flowers are about the graceful spikes, known as racemes, that develop at the peak of the plant. The female flowers form in clusters on small stems just under the racemes. The male flowers on one plant can release as many as 10 million pollen grains. This enormous amount of pollen ensures greater genetic diversity — one reason for the fast spread of herbicide resistance through cross-pollination. Following the flowers are pollinated, ragweed seeds grow inside a pithy, protective husk. The seeds are distributed by hanging to sneakers, clothing, animals, and farm or gardening equipment.

Perennial Ragweed

Western ragweed (Ambrosia psilostachya), also a native perennial, rises in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 10 and produces seeds and also spreads by rhizomes. It tolerates dry, sandy dirt and hot states, sometimes shedding its leaves during periods of stress, then recovering when conditions improve to rebloom and produce more seeds. Desert ragweed (Ambrosia dumosa) is another perennial species that grows in USDA zones 7 through 11. It is a little shrub about 2 feet tall.

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Are Pin Oak Acorns Edible?

Oak trees (Quercus spp.) That fall, reproduce by means of acorns or are harvested in large numbers by birds and squirrels. All acorns are edible, however they must undergo leaching to remove the tannin which makes them bitter. Acorns made by members of the white oak tree group are believed less bitter and sweeter-tasting than those of the red oak group, where the pin oak (Quercus palustris) is a member.

Pin Oak Facts

Hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 8, pin oak is native to the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada. Tolerant of moist soil, is grows to maximum 70 feet tall with a 60-foot-wide canopy. Its acorns have saucer-shaped, shallow caps and step 1/2 inch. Acorns of northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis) are somewhat longer, and each one’s cap covers almost half of this nut. Northern pin oak achieves exactly the same maximum height and spread as walnut and is hardy in USDA zones 4 through 7.

Leaching Truth

Their bitter flavor is removed by leaching acorns in water. One method requires putting the nuts, running them through the fine plate of an espresso grinder to form nut meal, soaking the nut meal in boiling water for one hour so that the water turns brown, and reboiling the nut meal into fresh water as often as necessary until the water remains clear. After the nut meal dries in a location that is warm and is ground another time, it is ready to use for baking and cooking.

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The Best Time to Destroy Rag Weeds from Moon Phase

A prolific pollen producer, ragweed (Ambrosia spp.) , blooms from midsummer to early autumn, spreading its allergens around. Growing to the Pacific by the Atlantic coast in a variety of habitats, such as areas, failed and cultivated landscapes and roadsidesreaches up to five feet tall, producing spikes of small flowers that drop pollen. Following centuries of training, the very best time to ruin this weed is when the moon is waning, from full moon through the last quarter, in accordance with the”Old Farmer’s Almanac” online.

Moon Phases

As the moon orbits the earth and the earth orbits the sun, the moon changes position in the sky in relation. The moon with regard to the sun’s place determines how much of the moon reflects sunlight. During the new moon, the side of the moon faces the ground. From the skies following the new moon, a small sliver of illuminated moon looks as the moon changes positions. Each night the amount of illumination increases, known as a moon, before the side of the moon facing the earth is fully illuminated, known as the full moon.

Waning Moon

After one night of full moon, the moon begins to wane. Each night, the illuminated side of the moon facing the ground decreases bit by bit, before the illuminated side of the moon is not in any way visible, known as new moon. The moon stages during the period are known as the dark of the moon. According to folklore, the dark of the moon is regarded as a period, as gravitational pull is decreased and moisture is not as abundant in plants or soil. When ragweeds lack vulnerability, cultivation or other control methods are more successful. The fourth quarter of the moon periods — the last quarter of the waning moon — is the most dormant period and the most optimum time for destroying weeds, writes Marion Owen, garden author, in her post”Planting by the Moon,” printed on Plantea.

Where and How Ragweed Grows

Many ragweed species grow as annuals all across the USA, with common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia) more prolific in the southeast than in other areas of the U.S. Common ragweed spreads by seeds, and to a lesser extent by rootstocks, as severed roots may send up new shoots. But, western ragweed (Ambrosia psilostachya) is a native perennial that grows throughout all U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones. Western ragweed can spread so eradication of the ragweed species necessitates killing avoidance of seeding, in addition to the roots.

How to Destroy Ragweed

Tillage, or hoeing, is among the greatest approaches to ruin ragweed, which contain a brief taproot plus shallow fibrous roots. Ragweed is less inclined to re-establish itself by simply taking root . Mowing to maintain ragweeds low also interrupts the cycle that is developing and causes the weeds to eliminate .

Lunar Gardening

Scientific evidence for the benefits of gardening by moon phases, known as lunar gardening, is scant, says Sabrina Stierwalt at”Does Lunar Gardening Really Work?” Published about the Curious About Astronomy website. Nevertheless, lunar gardening was practiced for centuries by proponents.

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What Plants Can I Grow That Keep Mosquitoes and Bugs Off?

Some crops possess insect confusing or repelling properties. Others others attract insects, which every difficulty bugs. Others will be able to help you minimize habitat. You are given an alternative to insecticides and chemical repellents by A vast array of plants.

Plants that Repel Insects

Some plants repel insects in much the same way as DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide), a commercial insect repellent . So they have a tendency to avoid these crops have a odor that mosquitoes don’t enjoy. Catnip (Nepeta cataria, U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9) comprises nepetalactone, an insect repellent that functions to keep mosquitoes off. From the Aug. 28, 2001, issue of ScienceDaily, researchers from Iowa State University reported that nepetalactone functioned better than DEET as a mosquito repellent. Anecdotal evidence suggests that basil (Ocimum basilicum L., annual in USDA zone 3 through 9, perennial in zones 10 a higher), citronella (Citronella spp., USDA zones 9 through 11) and lemongrass (Cymbopogon spp., USDA zones 9 through 10) might have similar properties. Crush the crops and rub them on exposed skin where you’ll be sitting or strew the plants around the region.

Plants that Confuse Insects

Other crops discharge a smell that confuses insects, so that they can’t find their meal. Onions (Allium spp.) , for instance, can keep bugs away from garden plants. Onions grow in USDA zone 1 through 9, but you reside in zones 8 and 9 you should search for”short-day” varieties. When implanted near anything at the cabbage (brassica spp., USDA zones 1 through 13) family, they keep away chewing insects, especially maggots. Scents are also released by kitchen herbs. Even if you don’t cook together, aromatic herbs might help keep bugs away from the garden.

Plants that Attract Beneficial Insects

By bringing their enemies, plants can keep down insect populations. For instance parasitic wasps, lady beetles and soldier beetles eat aphids, which can decimate your garden. Umbelliferous plants such as fennel (Foeniculum vulgare, USDA zones 5 through 10) and dill (Anethum graveolens, USDA zones 3 through 11) attract these natural predators, which then lay eggs that hatch into larvae, which eat the aphids. When bringing insects, remember two things: These insects eat nectar and pollen , therefore provide plants with showy blossoms and scents that are noticeable. They also often have small mouths, so tiny flowers like those from the umbelliferae and aster households are more attractive to them that blossoms.

Plants that Reduce Habitat for Insects

An additional way to keep mosquitoes away is to minimize their habitat. If you have a pond in your yard, you get a mosquito breeding ground. In addition you can keep mosquitoes off using plants to cover the surface of the water, to maintaining the water moving or adding fish to the pond. If mosquitoes can’t get to the water’s surface , they can’t breed there. Waterlilies (Nymphaea cvs., USDA zones 3 through 11) work well to keep away mosquito larvae.

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